Class 390 Pendolino

The Class 390 is the train the APT Class 370 could have been. These EMUs replaced locomotive hauled services following modernisation of the West Coast Main Line [1], incorporating tilting technology which allowed speeds to be increased to 125mp/h. The Class 390, known as the Pendolino, is capable of 140 mp/h but signalling and line restrictions have meant that service speeds are limited (though 145 mp/h has been reached).

Number built: 574 cars (57 9 and 11 car sets)
Built: 2001-12
Builder: Alstom (Washwood Heath and Italy)
Engine: 2 Alstom ONIX 800 traction motors per motor car (25kV AC OHLE)
Power: 390/0: 6 ,839 hp (5 ,100 kW)
390/1: 8, 763 hp (6, 557 kW)
Formation: 390/0: Driving Motor Restaurant First (DMRF)+Motor First (MF)+
Pantograph Trailer First (PTF)+Motor Standard (MS)+
Trailer Standard (TS)+MS+Pantograph Trailer Standard
Restaurant Buffet (PTSRMS)+
MS+Driving Motor Standard Open (DMSO)

The original order was for 53 8-car sets, these were later strengthened to 9 cars and a number of 11-car sets have also been built to try and meet an increase in demand on the WCML. All are in daily service apart from one set which was written off in the Grayrigg fatal rail derailment in 2007 [2]. The strength of the train was commended with it having improved crashworthiness compared to earlier trains. All are operated by Virgin Trains.
Passing through Tamworth
Passing Crewe
At Stafford

[1] Colin J. Marsden, DMU and EMU Recognition (Ian Allan, 2013) p. 296
[2] RAIB Report, Derailment at Grayrigg <>