London Underground 2009 Tube Stock

The 2009 Tube Stock was built to replace the life expired 1967 Tube Stock on the Victoria Line, and entered service in 2010 [1]. The trains are part of Bombardier's Movia family along like the S Stock though reduced in dimensions to fit in a deep-level tube tunnel. They were built as part of a major upgrade of the Victoria Line reducing journey times by being faster and having better acceleration than the 1967 Tube Stock, and increasing capacity. They can carry nearly twenty percent more passengers per train - and there are also six more trains in service compared to the 1967 fleet. The trains are slightly wider (forty millimetres) than the 1967s to take advantage of the wider tunnels on the Victoria Line, however this does mean they cannot travel on the other deep tube lines. The trains are also longer than the 1967 Tube Stock and indeed are the longest deep tube stock in service.
Victoria Line 11062 arrives at Stockwell

Number built: 376 (47 8-car sets)
Built: 2007-11
Builder: Bombardier Derby
Motor: Bombardier MITRAC DR1000 traction package (630v DC fourth rail)
Power: 2, 400 hp (1, 800 kW)
Formation: Driving Motor (DM)+Trailer (T)+Non-Driving Motor (NDM)
+Uncoupling Non-Driving Motor (UNDM)+UNDM+NDM+T+DM

The 2009 Tube Stock has an IGBT traction package [2] similar to that used on the Electrostar family (such as the Class 377 and 387). They are the first tube stock designed to take into account the Rail Vehicle Accessibility Regulations 2010 (RVAR 2010) with facilities for people with impaired mobility such as tip-up seats, off-set grab poles and space for wheel chairs [3]. They have dot-matrix displays inside the car showing passenger information and service updates. As with the 1967s they are equipped for Automatic Train Operation (ATO), though the 2009 uses the more advanced Invensys DTG-R system [4].

The 2009 Tube Stock took over the Victoria Line completely from the 1967 Tube Stock in mid-2011. There have been some teething troubles, the door sensors being over sensitive for example but they serve daily moving huge numbers of people on the incredibly busy Victoria Line.
11042 arrives at Oxford Circus

Preparing to go
11052 at Oxford Circus

Train standing at Pimlico

2009ts departing from Warren Street

[1] Ben Muldoon, London Underground Rolling Stock Guide (Ian Allan, 2014) p.64
[2] Piers Connor, The London Underground Electric Train (Crowood Press, 2015) p. 175
[3] Paul Moss, London Underground 1863 Onwards (Haynes, 2014) p. 173
[4] Jason Cross, London Underground Guide 2017 (Train Crazy, 2017) p. 60

Liverpool Tramways Company Single-Decker Car

The Liverpool Tramways Company began in 1869, operating horse drawn trams until it's take over by the Liverpool Corporation in 1898. In the company's final decade it began to look at alternatives to horse power, including considering hiring steam trams from Birmingham and also looking at compressed air and battery propulsion [1]. Eventually they settled on standard electric trams and began electric operations in 1898 just before the takeover. Thirty tram cars were bought from abroad including these single-decker trams from J.G. Brill in the USA [2].
Car on delivery [3]

Number built: 12
Built: 1898
Builder: J.G. Brill

The trams were unusual for a British system. They were forty seat trams with a central entrance and ran on a couple of Eureka Maximum Traction bogies.
Car interior [3]

[1] Charles Knapper, The Golden Age of Tramways (David & CHarles, 1974) p. 87
[2] A. Alastair Munro, Tramway Companies of Liverpool 1859-1897, p. 212
[3] "New cars for Liverpool, England", Street Railway Journal (Vol XIV No. 11 November 1898) p. 727

Class 710 Aventra

The Class 710 is a member of Bombardier's Aventra family of EMUs (like the Class 345) that has been procured for London Overground to augment it's fleet of Class 378s. The Class 710 was built for the electrification of London Overground's remaining diesel route, the Gospel Oak to Barking line. After some delays the Class 710s finally entered service on this route in May 2019 [1][2] with full take over of the route in August.
LO 710 268 at Upper Holloway

Number built: 222 (54 4 or 6-car sets)
Built: 2017-21
Builder: Bombardier Derby
Motor: Bombardier traction system (25kV AC OHLE or 750v DC third-rail)

Class 710s were next deployed to the Watford DC route out of London Euston allowing Class 378s to be cascaded to other London Overground routes, to enable increased frequencies. The Class 710 will also be used on London Overground's services into West Anglia.

The Class 710 comes in three variants. The 710/1 (thirty sets) is AC only and will be used on West Anglia services, eighteen sets are the 710/2 which are dual AC and DC third rail in four car sets. The 710/3 is also dual voltage and in six car sets.
710 106 at Seven Sisters

710 269 at Harringay Green Lanes

710 265 at South Tottenham

710 265 at Blackhorse Road

710 271 at Wembley Central

[1] Underground News No. 691 (July 2019) p. 352
[2] Underground News No. 692 (August 2019) p. 435

LMS 1831

In 1931 the LMS, at it's Derby Works, rebuilt a steam locomotive as a diesel shunter, the first of a number of experimental diesel shunters built by the "Big 4" railway companies in the 1930s. The original steam locomotive was a Midland Railway 1377 class steam locomotive. The locomotive was rebuilt and fitted with a Paxman diesel engine and Haslam & Newton hydraulic transmission [1].
1831 after construction [3]

Number built: 1
Built: 1932 (rebuild)
Builder: LMS Derby Works
Motor: Paxman 6-cyl diesel
Power: 400 hp (298 kW)
Wheel arrangement: 0-6-0

The locomotive had a very box-like body with small cab windows. The locomotive was not a great success. It was withdrawn from service in 1939 after a number of years in storage. It was converted into a mobile power unit [2] and survived in this guise until 1951.

[1] Brian Haresnape, Diesel Shunters (Ian Allan, 1984) p. 4
[2] Colin J Marsden, Diesel & Electric Locomotive Recognition Guide (Ian Allan, 2011) p. 8
[3] "A heavy oil shunting locomotive, Meccano Magazine (July 1933) p. 525

London Underground 1995 Tube Stock

The 1995 Tube Stock fleet was built in the late 1990s to modernise the Northern Line. They replaced 1959 and 1972 Tube Stock. Externally the 1995 Tube Stock looks very similar to the 1996 Tube Stock which was built concurrently for the Jubilee Line. The 1995 Tube Stock is in six-car sets [1] not seven like the 1996 trains and has quite different electrical equipment and internal layouts to the Jubilee Line stock.
51502 at Edgware

Number built: 636 (106 6-car sets)
Built: 1996-1999
Builder: GEC Alstom Birmingham
Engine: 4 Alstom ONIX three-phase AC induction motors per motor car (630v DC fourth rail)
Formation: Driving Motor (DM)+Trailer (T)+Non-Driving Motor (UNDM)+UNDM+T+DM

The 1995 Tube Stock has an AC traction control system unlike earlier tube stock which had DC. It has an Alstom ONIX three phase insulated gate bipolar transistor drive (IGBT) drive which supplies variable voltage and frequency to four traction motors per motor car [2]. This is considered more efficient than DC drive and lighter (for example AC motors have no brushes) giving a better power/weight ratio. The IGBT drive can switch high currents very rapidly with a smoother and more even acceleration than earlier systems including the Gate Turn Off system used on the 1996 Tube Stock [3].

The fleet has served the Northern Line well and was given a refresh in 2013 with new seats and improved interiors [4]. The forthcoming extension of the Northern Line to Battersea (due to open in 2021) [5] and a possible splitting of the two Northern Line branches into separate lines was at one time thought to require more rolling stock. A top-up order of 1995 Tube Stock was mooted, however recent financial constraints have put paid to that plan for now.
51608 at Clapham North

51502 at Hendon Central

51555 at Finchley Central

51600 at Golders Green

51622 at Highgate

[1] Ben Muldoon, London Underground Rolling Stock Guide (Ian Allan, 2014) p. 50
[2] TfL London Underground Rolling Stock Information Sheet (4th Edition)
[3] Piers Connor, The London Underground Electric Train (Crowood Press, 2015) p. 175
[4] Kim Rennie, Underground and Overground Trains (Capital Transport, 2017) p. 22
[5] Northern Line extension <>

Hunslet Engine Company 8975

Hunslet 8975 is typical of the kind of narrow gauge diesel shunters which were built for colliery use by the Hunslet Engine Company in the late 1970s. The diesel-hydraulic locomotive worked at the 762mm gauge surface stockyard at Parkside Colliery, Newton-le-Willows and was withdrawn in 1993 with the closure of the colliery.
8675 at the Statfold Barn Railway

Number built: 1
Built: 1979
Builder: Hunslet Engine Company
Motor: Perkins 4-cyl diesel
Power: 52 hp / 39 kW
Wheel arrangement: 4wDH

The locomotive was preserved at the Lancashire Mining Museum at Astley Green and has helped with the building of a line at the museum, and now hauls passenger trains. During preservation it has been converted to 610mm gauge at the Statfold Barn Railway.
The locomotive carries the name Newton

Another view of 8975