Tramlink Flexity Swift CR4000

Tramlink is a light rail network in Croydon and across South London which is part of Transport for London. It commenced operations in 2000 along former heavy rail lines (the six and a quarter mile route from Wimbledon to West Croydon for example is nearly all ex-railway apart from a few diversions [1]) and new street lines. Bombardier's Flexity Swift tram was chosen for the initial rolling stock of the network. Twenty four articulated cars were produced ready for the start of operations.

Number built: 24
Built: 1998-2000
Builder: Bombardier
Engine: 4 Bombardier Three-Phase traction motors (750v DC OHLE)
Power: 644 hp (480 kW)

The CR4000 tram is similar to the K4000 tram built for Cologne. It has a "seventy six percent" low floor design with a cab at each end. The tram has six axles with the articulated section being on an unpowered bogie. The fleet received a refurbishment in 2008-9 which included new seats and LED lights.

In November 2016 a CR4000 overturned at speed (later found to be travelling too fast for the junction it was travelling over). Seven people died and fifty-eight others were injured. Following the incident a number of extra safety features have been rolled out to the fleet including a reduction in the top speed to forty five mp/h [2].
2543 at Wimbledon

2531 at Mitcham Junction

Behind the cab

2543 departs Mitcham Junction

Some sections of the network are single track

[1] John C. Gillham, Wimbledon to Beckenham before Tramlink (Middleton Press, 2001) p. 3
[2] Colin J. Marsden, Light Rail (Key Publishing, 2018) p. 32

Class 101 (Metropolitan-Cammell General Branch Line and Local Services 2,3 or 4-car)

The Class 101 family was the largest fleet of first generation DMU built for British Railways in the 1950s, however originally only the AEC engined DMBS and DMCL were Class 101 (see information box for explanation of codes). Leyland engined motor cars were originally classified as the Class 102, the DTCLs were Class 144/147, the TSLs Class 162/164, the TBSLs Class 168 and the TCLs Class 171! [1]

Later on the various cars were reclassified as just Class 101. The DMU could operate in either two, three or four car sets with interchangeable trailers (and with trailers in other classes) depending on the needs of the service and served all over the BR network allocated to every region except the Southern [2].

Number built: 637 cars in 2- 3- and 4-car sets
Built: 1956-59
Builder: Metro-Cammell
Engine: 2 BUT (AEC) or Leyland 6-cyl (originally Class 102) diesels per power car
Some DMBS originally fitted with Rolls-Royce diesels
Power: 300 hp (224 kW)
Formation: (Variable) Driving Motor Brake Standard (DMBS)+[Trailer Brake
Standard (TBS)/Trailer Standard Lavatory (TSL)/Trailer Composite
Lavatory (TCL)/Trailer Brake Second Lavatory (TBSL)]+Driving
Motor Composite Lavatory (DMCL)/Driving Trailer Composite
Lavatory (DTCL)

The Class 101 was one of the longest lived first generation DMUs surviving in service until 2003 [3]. In later years many of the trailers lost their first class accommodation and were reclassified as TSLs. Some trailers also originally had buffet facilities but these later had the buffets removed and/or were withdrawn.

Originally the Class 101s were delivered in British Railways green then later BR Blue and the blue/grey white/blue variations in the 1970s. In later years the Class 101s wore sector liveries (Network SE and Regional Railways) as well as various PTE liveries. Over forty cars have been preserved although only two of these are centre car trailers. A sister class of Rolls-Royce powered DMUs was also built as the Class 111 (though a couple of 101 power cars did had Rolls-Royce engines too!)
DMBS E50253 at Duffield

M51188 departs Wirksworth

At Wirksworth 
DMBS 51188 and DMC 51505 at Wirksworth

M51188 at Ravenstor

At Duffield

[1] Colin J. Marsden, DMU and EMU Recognition Guide (Ian Allan, 2013), p. 36
[2] Brian Haresnape, Diesel Multiple Units: the First Generation (Ian Allan, 1985), p. 31
[3] Gavin Morrison, British Railway DMUs in Colour (Ian Allan, 2010), p. 13

Cardiff Corporation 131

Tramway companies employed a number of vehicles for maintenance and, what would be termed on the railways, departmental use. One frequent need were for water cars to help keen the roads (and tracks) as clear as possible from mud and animal waste (horse drawn vehicles still being the majority at the start of the twentieth century). Many purpose built water cars were built with a wide variety of different set-ups depending on the operator's requirements [1].

Number built: 1
Built: 1902
Builder: Electric Railway & Tramway Carriage Works of Preston
Engine: 2 GEC 200K traction motors (550v DC OHLE)
Power: 60 hp (45 kW)

Cardiff Corporation 131 is the only water car to have survived into preservation. A small single truck tram, it was built for the Corporation in 1902 with a thousand gallon water tank. It was in use until 1950 when the Cardiff tram system was closed. Originally 131 had open sides but wooden panelling was added in 1913, which was not usual for water cars which were usually kept open. The tram was also fitted out for rail grinding and was used for staff transport.
Cardiff Corporation 131 at Crich Tramway Museum

Original configuration, public domain image [2]
131 isn't large, compare the double decker tram behind

The water tank can be seen inside behind the cab

131 has a cab at both ends
[1] R.W. Rush, British Electric Tramcar Design (Oxford Publishing, 1976) p. 119
[2] "The Cardiff Corporation Tramways", Electric Railway Journal Vol. XX No. 1 (July 1902) p. 42

Class 450 Desiro

The Class 450 is part of the Desiro family of EMU and are very similar to the Class 350 but works off the former Southern Region 750V DC third rail system (the 350s operate off 25kV AC OHLE). One hundred and twenty seven sets have been built for South West Trains replacing life expired "slam door" VEP and CIG stock [1]. Although they can only be used on third-rail electrified routes they do have space for the retro-fitting of a pantograph if needed in the future.

Number built: 508 (127 4-car sets)
Built: 2002-7
Builder: Siemens Transportation
Engine: 4 1TB2016 0GB02 three-phase traction motors (750V DC third rail)
Power: 2, 682 hp (2, 000 kW)
Formation: Driving Motor Standard Open (DMSO)+Trailer Composite Open
(TCO)+Trailer Standard Open (TSO)+
Driving Motor Standard Open (DMSO)

The original fleet is known as the Class 450/0 and can carry 242 standard class and 24 first class passengers, first and some standard class seating is 2+2 with other standard class seating being 2+3. Twenty eight sets were modified for higher capacity (facilitated by removing first class seats and altering the internal layout) for the Waterloo-Windsor route [2] in 2008-9 as Class 450/5. First class seating was restored to these units as they were replaced by Class 458/5s on the route from 2013 and the 450/5s rejoined the main fleet.

Originally SWT were to receive a mixed fleet of 450/0s and 450/2s which were to be 5-car sets for inner suburban routes however the idea was dropped due to problems with platform lengths. All sets remain in service with South West Trains's successor South Western Railway who took over in the late Summer of 2017 [3].
SWR 450 104 and 560 at Haslemere

SWT 450 088 at Guilford

SWT 450 093 and 037 at Woking

SWT 450 031 at Alton

SWT 450 544 at Clapham Junction 
SWT 450 562 at Portsmouth Harbour

[1] John Balmforth, South West Trains (Ian Allan, 2011) p. 62
[2] Colin J Marsden, DMU and EMU Recognition Guide (Ian Allan, 2013) p. 349
[3] Modern Railways (May 2017) p. 24

Alan Keef 59R Beaudesert

Beaudesert is number 80 in the Leighton Buzzard Narrow Gauge Railway fleet. The locomotive is used for shunting, engineering trains and standby passenger duties. The locomotive is a rebuild of an earlier T-Series locomotive made by Simplex which was used as a shunter on the Channel Tunnel project, and before that was owned by the National Coal Board.

Number built: 1
Built: 1979
(Rebuilt 1999)
Builder: Simplex
(Rebuild Alan Keef)
Engine: Dorman 6DA diesel
Power: 112 hp (84 kW)
Wheel arrangement: 4wDH

Originally built as Simplex 101T018 in 1979 the locomotive was rebuilt by Alan Keef in 1999 with the works number 59R [1]. The locomotive was re-gauged from 900mm to 610mm. The locomotive is named after a school near to the railway.
Four views of Beaudesert on the Leighton Buzzard Narrow Gauge Railway

[1] Industrial Locomotives Handbook 13EL (Industrial Railway Society, 2003) p. 27